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The Foreign Minister on the ratification of the Russian-Estonian border treaties: a border that has been established adds security

25.11.2015


25. November 2015 - 23:29

Speaking today in the Riigikogu at the first reading of the bill on the ratification of the Estonian-Russian border treaties, Foreign Minister Marina Kaljurand stressed that the conclusion of the treaties provides Estonia with the additional assurance that Russia has no territorial claims regarding our country.

“While work on the ratification of the border agreements has been ongoing for a couple of decades, since 2014 the de-escalation of the security situation in Europe has made us realise that a clearly established border between Estonia and Russia would add to our security. Justice is not almighty, but in any case, during both good and bad times, it is better to have agreements than not to have them," the Foreign Minister said.

The Foreign Minister praised members of the Riigikogu for their interest and sense of responsibility regarding the border treaties. “I am confident that the border agreements are some of the most thoroughly analysed international treaties in Estonia following its re-independence; especially given the fact that almost all of the compositions of the Estonian government and Riigikogu since 2005 have debated the border treaties. Thank you for the constructive exchanges," Foreign Minister Kaljurand added.

Kaljurand noted that compared to 2014, the only amendments to the treaties have been in the explanatory memorandum, which was updated by adding the position of the current Chancellor of Justice. “The legal continuity of the Republic of Estonia and the Tartu Peace Treaty are still in force after the ratification of the said treaties,” the Foreign Minister confirmed.

On October 13, 2015 the Government of the Republic presented The Bill on the Ratification on the Law of the State Border Treaty between the Republic of Estonia and the Russian Federation and the Treaty on the Delimitation of Maritime Areas of Narva Bay and the Gulf of Finland between the Republic of Estonia and the Russian Federation to the Riigikogu.

According to the border treaty, changes compared to the existing temporary control line on land, including in lakes, will be equal, so that neither party does not lose or win any territory. According to the Treaty on the Delimitation of Maritime Areas, the maritime boundary line in Narva Bay and the Gulf of Finland will run on an estimated central line, which is drawn in such a way, that every point is equidistant from the nearest points of both states' coastal low water line.

When the treaties have entered into force, the two countries will form a demarcation committee, and the marking of the borders will begin, during which the state border is laid down and marked off.

Frequently asked questions regarding the border treaties (in Estonian): http://vm.ee/et/node/9856

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